knee arthritis

Knee pain is one of the most common issue that affects people across all ages. It can occur from an injury, overuse, or a medical conditions like vitamin D deficiency or osteoporosis. Majority of knee pain are minor but in severe cases it can be extremely painful and require surgery. Signs and symptoms may include: swelling, stiffness, redness, warmth, weakness, popping or crunching noises, and the inability to fully extend the knee.

As per Dr Himanshu Tyagi, senior orthopaedic surgeon, Arthritis is the most common condition which in simple words means age related degeneration of the joint. It mostly affects people above the age of 40 and worsens over time, damages the joints, and causes the affected joints to be painful and stiff. Medically referred as Osteoarthritis , it is a condition in which the cartilage that provides cushioning between the bones begins to wear away. Without the soft cushioning of the cartilage, the bones rub against each other causing the affected areas to become stiff and painful. There are a variety of causes of osteoarthritis including injury, obesity, and family history of the disease or poor muscle control as in polio. Rheumatoid arthritis on the other hand is an autoimmune disorder where the body begins to attack its own knee joint cartilage (including many other joints as well). The disorder causes the immune system to damage it’s own tissues. Third less common type of Arthritis is known as Gouty arthritis. It is a sudden and severe attack of pain in the joints. The attack usually occurs in the big toe but can also occur in the elbow, knees, wrists, or ankles. The symptoms include pain, swelling, redness, and tenderness. One variant of it is known as pseudogout.

Other major type of knee arthritis is Septic arthritis, which is more prevalent in children is a painful infection of the knee joint. The infection affects the knee joints more than any other areas. It can quickly and severely damage the cartilage and bone within the joint. The symptoms include extreme discomfort, unable to use the affected joint, swollen, redness, warmth, and fever.

Not every type of knee arthritis requires knee replacement surgery and most of the types of knee arthritis can be managed well with medicines and exercises.

How Dr Himanshu Tyagi Can help you-

Dr Himanshu Tyagi aims at providing better quality of life of his patients. Having done his MCh in orthopaedics from University of Edinburg (U.K), he takes his patient’s pain seriously and strive to establish an accurate diagnosis along with a treatment plan to ultimately minimize the pain. To determine the exact cause of your pain, he will perform a physical examination and use your complete medical history to help find the best treatment options suited for you. In addition to the physical exam and history, you may also need imaging studies and tests to help determine the cause of you pain.

Contact us –

Dr Himanshu Tyagi [ MCh Orthopaedics, DNB Spine fellowship (F.N.B), MNAMS Orthopaedics, DNB Orthopaedics, MBBS)]
Call 9654095717 for appointment or visit

Available in – Artemis Hospital (Gurgaon) and Personal Clinic (Noida)

By Dr Himanshu Tyagi

(Dr Himanshu Tyagi-MCh Orthopaedics, DNB Spine fellowship (F.N.B), MNAMS Orthopaedics, DNB Orthopaedics, MBBS)